Résidence active en Andorre

L'Andorre est un endroit qui a toutes les chances de cocher toutes les cases lorsqu'il s'agit de trouver une résidence permanente à la montagne. C'est une région isolée mais néanmoins accessible et bien équipée en technologies modernes. Attendez-vous à y trouver tout ce qu'il vous faut, des fermes, des chevaux et de la campagne aux appartements modernes, aux voitures de luxe et aux hôtels - c'est le mélange parfait entre la campagne et la ville.

Si vous êtes convaincu que poser vos racines dans la Principauté est le bon choix pour vous, l'étape suivante consiste à déterminer comment vous allez demander la résidence en Andorre.

C'est là que nous vous apportons notre aide. Voici tout ce que vous devez savoir avant de demander un permis de résidence active en Andorre et de vous installer dans notre pays.

Actif ou passif : Quel permis de résidence en Andorre vous convient le mieux ?

Les types de permis de résidence en Andorre s'adressent à deux types de personnes : celles qui veulent s'installer de façon permanente et celles qui souhaitent rester temporairement en Andorre.

If you’re someone who wants to live and work here long-term, active residency is the right option for you. Unlike résidents passifs, active residents are expected to work and live in Andorra full-time. As such, they will be seen as active members of the community. By applying for active residency, you are acknowledging that the country will be your primary place of residence. You’ll work here, play here and live here. Think of it as your home base.

If you’re wondering whether you need to stay here for 365 days a year in order to qualify, you’ll be happy to know that that’s not the case. Although more than the 90-day requirement for passive residents, active residents are only expected to spend 183 days per year within the country.

Cela vous confère le statut de résident fiscal, ce qui vous permet de payer les taux très équitables (10 % maximum) fixés par le système fiscal andorran. Vous pourrez également bénéficier de certains avantages auxquels les résidents passifs n'ont pas droit.

Voies d'accès à la résidence active en Andorre

It might not be everyone’s cup of tea, but if you want to relocate long term and make Andorra your home, active residency is a great option. Just remember, this will require you to spend most of your time in the country. You’ll also be required to pay into the social security program and the healthcare system—benefits that you can enjoy as a permanent resident.

The following apostilled documents (dated within three months) are needed for your application: 

Birth certificate or copy of passport

Police certificate (from birth country and country of residence)

Rental agreement

Marriage certificate

There are two ways to obtain active residency, each with its own set of requirements, benefits and conditions. Which route you opt for will depend on your unique needs. We’ll break each of them down below.

1. Self-Employment

If you’re self-employed or own a company in Andorra, you’re eligible for Andorra’s active residency program—locally known as "residència i treball per compte propi" ou Compte Propi en abrégé.

This form of residency is exclusively reserved for entrepreneurs and proprietors who want to take up full-time residence in the country. The minimal investment requirements and a low tax rate of 10% for annual income exceeding €40,000 are what make this Andorra residency option attractive.

Generally, the country offers around 900 positions per year under this type of residency. In order to qualify you will need to meet a few requirements, including:

Renting or purchasing a property in Andorra that is at least 20 square metres

Autorisation d'investissement à l'étranger

Un entretien personnel avec un notaire

Enregistrement de votre société

An initial deposit of €3,000 in share capital in an Andorran bank account

Une licence commerciale locale

Examen médical complet et entretien

Registration with the Andorran healthcare system (CASS)

A €50,000 deposit in Andorran government bonds

If you are seeking active residency under this category, you are required to own more than a 34% share of a local company and you must also be a working director.

Note: you do have the option of owning a 100% stake in an Andorran company.

The main advantage of active residency through self-employment is that you can employ more than 1 person and you can do business in Andorra with no limit, as opposed to the requirements for la résidence passive.

Paying Into the Social Security Program (CASS)

Avant de passer à la section suivante, nous devons mentionner que l'une des plus importantes conditions préalables à la résidence active par le biais d'un travail indépendant est que vous devrez contribuer au programme de sécurité sociale.

En général, vous devrez payer un taux fixe, par opposition au taux standard de 22% que les entrepreneurs/employés dans le pays sont censés payer.

  • Fixed-rate payment to CASS: €450-€500* per month

*The fixed rate is calculated at 22% of the average salary in Andorra. While it usually hovers around the €2,000 mark, it does fluctuate from year to year. This in turn means the fixed rate payment to CASS for self-employed people will also vary slightly from one year to the next. 

Many new residents aren’t used to paying this amount of money. However, it is important to understand that this money goes towards the government-run health insurance program and social security funds. This healthcare system covers 95% of your total hospital bill and 75% of all other medical expenses. Workplace injuries are covered 100%, as is childbirth.

Compte tenu de ces éléments, ce montant peut être considéré comme un bon investissement.

Residency for Dependents

One important thing worth mentioning is that dependent family members are not permitted to become residents until the company shareholder has held residency for at least one year. This does not apply if you are French, Spanish or Portuguese.

Young man working in office after gaining Andorra active residency via a work contract

2. Via a Work Contract

Acquiring active residency in the country through a work contract requires you to have a job offer from an Andorran company. Keep in mind that the government gives priority to its own citizens, and those of Spain, France and Portugal when issuing work permits.

You’ll also require basic documents, such as proof of accommodation in Andorra and an apostilled police clearance from your birth country as well as your country of residence. You want the latter sent to you as late as possible (right before your arrival date) because they are only valid for three months.

You’ll also need to undergo a basic medical exam and sign a few forms. If you arrive in Andorra without employment, you'll need to scour local job boards and contact local business owners as quickly as possible. That said, if you're looking to secure active residency here we definitely do not recommend arriving without a job already lined up.

Voici quelques possibilités d'acquérir une résidence active par le biais d'un contrat de travail:

Seasonal Work

One of the most commonly used options to obtain a visa is via a seasonal work permit. These permits are ideal for English speakers, especially those who can work at ski resorts or in the tourism/hospitality industry. For the most part, you’ll find these permits are mostly available during peak tourist season (November through May).

The administrative fees for seasonal work permits are paid for by the employer. However, since each work permit is limited to three months (once it expires, you’ll be given one week to leave the country) it's probably not the best route to take if you're seeking active residency, as there's only a very slim chance that it could lead to a permanent job. 

Teaching English to Non-native Speakers

Another way to obtain a work permit is by getting hired to teach English to non-native speakers. Unsurprisingly, this only applies to those who are both fluent in English and good at teaching. (Speaking the language and being able to teach effectively are very different skillsets.) Schools often love to hire English speaking language teachers and are open to granting permits for them to do so. If you are a native English speaker, this is a well-paying path to a work permit that could lead to active residency.

Sponsorship

Les demandeurs de résidence active peuvent trouver des permis de travail supplémentaires s'ils souhaitent rester en Andorre à long terme. L'un des meilleurs moyens d'y parvenir est le parrainage. Un employeur andorran local peut choisir de parrainer des travailleurs étrangers s'il n'est pas en mesure de pourvoir un poste via le pôle d'emploi local.

Avantages de la résidence active

Active residency is more appealing than passive residency if you want to put down roots. Additionally, active residents get to partake in government benefits and have the same rights as citizens—except the right to vote.

As an active resident, you are granted access to the country’s healthcare system, social security and social benefits. You can also integrate yourself as a contributing member of the community and enjoy a very low tax rate.

Other benefits to living in Andorra full-time include:

Une des espérances de vie les plus élevées au monde

Une sécurité sans pareille

Un niveau de vie élevé

Access to nature and clean, smog-free air

Une abondance de loisirs et d'activités récréatives

Des impôts peu élevés

Un système de santé progressif et efficace

International and multilingualeducational systems

Une situation optimale entre la France et l'Espagne

Living in Andorra can bring a myriad of great benefits to your life. While passive residency is great for those who plan to use Andorra strategically, spending the rest of their time abroad, active residency is your ticket to becoming a local. Until you can become a full citizen, active residency is as close as you can get.

Une opportunité à nulle autre pareille

The goal of the active residence program is to draw in successful and high-value people who want to make the local economy a better place. The government wants individuals who can become pillars of the community. In return for your commitment to Andorra, you get to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle that is low-stress, safe, and uniquely Andorran.

Vous avez besoin de plus d'informations pour devenir un résident actif ? Appelez-nous dès maintenant ! Nous sommes là pour vous aider à naviguer à travers votre processus de relocalisation. Notre objectif est de vous aider à vous installer pour de bon dans notre merveilleuse nation.