It might not be everyone’s cup of tea, but if you want to relocate long term and make Andorra your home, active residency is a great option. Just remember, this will require you to spend most of your time in the country. You’ll also be required to pay into the social security program and the healthcare system—benefits that you can enjoy as a permanent resident.
The following apostilled documents (dated within three months) are needed for your application:
Birth certificate or copy of passport
Police certificate (from birth country and country of residence)
There are two ways to obtain active residency, each with its own set of requirements, benefits and conditions. Which route you opt for will depend on your unique needs. We’ll break each of them down below.
If you’re self-employed or own a company in Andorra, you’re eligible for Andorra’s active residency program—locally known as "residència i treball per compte propi" o Compte Propi para abreviar.
This form of residency is exclusively reserved for entrepreneurs and proprietors who want to take up full-time residence in the country. The minimal investment requirements and a low tax rate of 10% for annual income exceeding €40,000 are what make this Andorra residency option attractive.
Generally, the country offers around 900 positions per year under this type of residency. In order to qualify you will need to meet a few requirements, including:
Renting or purchasing a property in Andorra that is at least 20 square metres
Autorización de inversión en el extranjero
Entrevista personal con un notario
Registro de su sociedad
An initial deposit of €3,000 in share capital in an Andorran bank account
Licencia comercial local
Examen médico completo y entrevista
Registration with the Andorran healthcare system (CASS)
A €50,000 deposit in Andorran government bonds
If you are seeking active residency under this category, you are required to own more than a 34% share of a local company and you must also be a working director.
Note: you do have the option of owning a 100% stake in an Andorran company.
The main advantage of active residency through self-employment is that you can employ more than 1 person and you can do business in Andorra with no limit, as opposed to the requirements for residencia pasiva.
Paying Into the Social Security Program (CASS)
Antes de pasar al siguiente apartado, debemos mencionar que uno de los requisitos más importantes para la residencia activa por cuenta propia es que deberá cotizar a la seguridad social.
Por lo general, se le pedirá que pague una tarifa fija, a diferencia de la tarifa estándar del 22% que se espera que paguen los empresarios/empleados en el país.
- Fixed-rate payment to CASS: €450-€500* per month
*The fixed rate is calculated at 22% of the average salary in Andorra. While it usually hovers around the €2,000 mark, it does fluctuate from year to year. This in turn means the fixed rate payment to CASS for self-employed people will also vary slightly from one year to the next.
Many new residents aren’t used to paying this amount of money. However, it is important to understand that this money goes towards the government-run health insurance program and social security funds. This healthcare system covers 95% of your total hospital bill and 75% of all other medical expenses. Workplace injuries are covered 100%, as is childbirth.
Teniendo en cuenta estos elementos, esta cantidad puede considerarse una buena inversión.
Residency for Dependents
One important thing worth mentioning is that dependent family members are not permitted to become residents until the company shareholder has held residency for at least one year. This does not apply if you are French, Spanish or Portuguese.
2. Via a Work Contract
Acquiring active residency in the country through a work contract requires you to have a job offer from an Andorran company. Keep in mind that the government gives priority to its own citizens, and those of Spain, France and Portugal when issuing work permits.
You’ll also require basic documents, such as proof of accommodation in Andorra and an apostilled police clearance from your birth country as well as your country of residence. You want the latter sent to you as late as possible (right before your arrival date) because they are only valid for three months.
You’ll also need to undergo a basic medical exam and sign a few forms. If you arrive in Andorra without employment, you'll need to scour local job boards and contact local business owners as quickly as possible. That said, if you're looking to secure active residency here we definitely do not recommend arriving without a job already lined up.
Aquí hay algunas posibilidades para adquirir una residencia activa a través de un contrato de trabajo:
One of the most commonly used options to obtain a visa is via a seasonal work permit. These permits are ideal for English speakers, especially those who can work at ski resorts or in the tourism/hospitality industry. For the most part, you’ll find these permits are mostly available during peak tourist season (November through May).
The administrative fees for seasonal work permits are paid for by the employer. However, since each work permit is limited to three months (once it expires, you’ll be given one week to leave the country) it's probably not the best route to take if you're seeking active residency, as there's only a very slim chance that it could lead to a permanent job.
Teaching English to Non-native Speakers
Another way to obtain a work permit is by getting hired to teach English to non-native speakers. Unsurprisingly, this only applies to those who are both fluent in English and good at teaching. (Speaking the language and being able to teach effectively are very different skillsets.) Schools often love to hire English speaking language teachers and are open to granting permits for them to do so. If you are a native English speaker, this is a well-paying path to a work permit that could lead to active residency.
Los solicitantes de residencia activa pueden encontrar permisos de trabajo adicionales si desean permanecer en Andorra a largo plazo. Uno de los mejores medios para hacer esto es a través del patrocinio. Un empleador andorrano local puede optar por patrocinar a trabajadores extranjeros si no pueden cubrir un puesto a través de la bolsa de empleo local.