Residencia activa en Andorra

Andorra is a place that’s quite likely to tick all the right boxes when it comes to finding a permanent home in the mountains. It’s secluded, but still accessible and well equipped with modern tech. With everything from farms, horses and countryside to modern apartments, luxury cars and hotels—it really is the perfect rural-urban blend.

If you’re convinced that laying down your roots in the principality is the right choice for you, then the next step is to figure out how you can become a permanent resident here.

That’s where we can help. Here’s everything you need to know before applying for an active residence permit and making the move to Andorra.

Active vs Passive Residence: Which One Is Suitable for You?

Residency programs in Andorra are geared towards two types of individuals—those who want a permanent home setup, and those who are keen on a temporary stay within Andorra's borders.

If you’re someone who wants to live and work here long-term, active residency is the right option for you. Unlike residentes pasivos, active residents are expected to work and live in Andorra full-time. As such, they will be seen as active members of the community. By applying for active residency, you are acknowledging that the country will be your primary place of residence. You’ll work here, play here and live here. Think of it as your home base.

If you’re wondering whether you need to stay here for 365 days a year in order to qualify, you’ll be happy to know that that’s not the case. Although more than the 90-day requirement for passive residents, active residents are only expected to spend 183 days per year within the country.

Esto le otorga el estatus de residente fiscal, lo que le permite pagar las tasas muy justas (10% como máximo) establecidas por el sistema fiscal andorrano. También podrá beneficiarse de ciertas ventajas a las que no tienen derecho los residentes pasivos.

Cómo obtener la residencia activa en Andorra

It might not be everyone’s cup of tea, but if you want to relocate long term and make Andorra your home, active residency is a great option. Just remember, this will require you to spend most of your time in the country. You’ll also be required to pay into the social security program and the healthcare system—benefits that you can enjoy as a permanent resident.

The following apostilled documents (dated within three months) are needed for your application: 

Birth certificate or copy of passport

Police certificate (from birth country and country of residence)

Rental agreement

Marriage certificate

There are two ways to obtain active residency, each with its own set of requirements, benefits and conditions. Which route you opt for will depend on your unique needs. We’ll break each of them down below.

1. Self-Employment

If you’re self-employed or own a company in Andorra, you’re eligible for Andorra’s active residency program—locally known as "residència i treball per compte propi" o Compte Propi para abreviar.

This form of residency is exclusively reserved for entrepreneurs and proprietors who want to take up full-time residence in the country. The minimal investment requirements and a low tax rate of 10% for annual income exceeding €40,000 are what make this Andorra residency option attractive.

Generally, the country offers around 900 positions per year under this type of residency. In order to qualify you will need to meet a few requirements, including:

Renting or purchasing a property in Andorra that is at least 20 square metres

Autorización de inversión en el extranjero

Entrevista personal con un notario

Registro de su sociedad

An initial deposit of €3,000 in share capital in an Andorran bank account

Licencia comercial local

Examen médico completo y entrevista

Registration with the Andorran healthcare system (CASS)

A €50,000 deposit in Andorran government bonds

If you are seeking active residency under this category, you are required to own more than a 34% share of a local company and you must also be a working director.

Note: you do have the option of owning a 100% stake in an Andorran company.

The main advantage of active residency through self-employment is that you can employ more than 1 person and you can do business in Andorra with no limit, as opposed to the requirements for residencia pasiva.

Paying Into the Social Security Program (CASS)

Antes de pasar al siguiente apartado, debemos mencionar que uno de los requisitos más importantes para la residencia activa por cuenta propia es que deberá cotizar a la seguridad social.

Por lo general, se le pedirá que pague una tarifa fija, a diferencia de la tarifa estándar del 22% que se espera que paguen los empresarios/empleados en el país.

  • Fixed-rate payment to CASS: €450-€500* per month

*The fixed rate is calculated at 22% of the average salary in Andorra. While it usually hovers around the €2,000 mark, it does fluctuate from year to year. This in turn means the fixed rate payment to CASS for self-employed people will also vary slightly from one year to the next. 

Many new residents aren’t used to paying this amount of money. However, it is important to understand that this money goes towards the government-run health insurance program and social security funds. This healthcare system covers 95% of your total hospital bill and 75% of all other medical expenses. Workplace injuries are covered 100%, as is childbirth.

Teniendo en cuenta estos elementos, esta cantidad puede considerarse una buena inversión.

Residency for Dependents

One important thing worth mentioning is that dependent family members are not permitted to become residents until the company shareholder has held residency for at least one year. This does not apply if you are French, Spanish or Portuguese.

Young man working in office after gaining Andorra active residency via a work contract

2. Via a Work Contract

Acquiring active residency in the country through a work contract requires you to have a job offer from an Andorran company. Keep in mind that the government gives priority to its own citizens, and those of Spain, France and Portugal when issuing work permits.

You’ll also require basic documents, such as proof of accommodation in Andorra and an apostilled police clearance from your birth country as well as your country of residence. You want the latter sent to you as late as possible (right before your arrival date) because they are only valid for three months.

You’ll also need to undergo a basic medical exam and sign a few forms. If you arrive in Andorra without employment, you'll need to scour local job boards and contact local business owners as quickly as possible. That said, if you're looking to secure active residency here we definitely do not recommend arriving without a job already lined up.

Aquí hay algunas posibilidades para adquirir una residencia activa a través de un contrato de trabajo:

Seasonal Work

One of the most commonly used options to obtain a visa is via a seasonal work permit. These permits are ideal for English speakers, especially those who can work at ski resorts or in the tourism/hospitality industry. For the most part, you’ll find these permits are mostly available during peak tourist season (November through May).

The administrative fees for seasonal work permits are paid for by the employer. However, since each work permit is limited to three months (once it expires, you’ll be given one week to leave the country) it's probably not the best route to take if you're seeking active residency, as there's only a very slim chance that it could lead to a permanent job. 

Teaching English to Non-native Speakers

Another way to obtain a work permit is by getting hired to teach English to non-native speakers. Unsurprisingly, this only applies to those who are both fluent in English and good at teaching. (Speaking the language and being able to teach effectively are very different skillsets.) Schools often love to hire English speaking language teachers and are open to granting permits for them to do so. If you are a native English speaker, this is a well-paying path to a work permit that could lead to active residency.


Los solicitantes de residencia activa pueden encontrar permisos de trabajo adicionales si desean permanecer en Andorra a largo plazo. Uno de los mejores medios para hacer esto es a través del patrocinio. Un empleador andorrano local puede optar por patrocinar a trabajadores extranjeros si no pueden cubrir un puesto a través de la bolsa de empleo local.

Ventajas de la residencia activa

Active residency is more appealing than passive residency if you want to put down roots. Additionally, active residents get to partake in government benefits and have the same rights as citizens—except the right to vote.

As an active resident, you are granted access to the country’s healthcare system, social security and social benefits. You can also integrate yourself as a contributing member of the community and enjoy a very low tax rate.

Other benefits to living in Andorra full-time include:

Una de las esperanzas de vida más altas del mundo

Una seguridad única

Un elevado nivel de vida

Access to nature and clean, smog-free air

Amplia variedad de actividades y ocio

Impuestos poco elevados

Sistema sanitario progresivo y eficaz

International and multilingualeducational systems

Localización óptima entre Francia y España

Living in Andorra can bring a myriad of great benefits to your life. While passive residency is great for those who plan to use Andorra strategically, spending the rest of their time abroad, active residency is your ticket to becoming a local. Until you can become a full citizen, active residency is as close as you can get.

Oportunidad única

The goal of the active residence program is to draw in successful and high-value people who want to make the local economy a better place. The government wants individuals who can become pillars of the community. In return for your commitment to Andorra, you get to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle that is low-stress, safe, and uniquely Andorran.

¿Necesita más información para convertirse en un residente activo? ¡Llámenos ahora! Estamos aquí para ayudarle a agilizar su proyecto. Nuestro objetivo es ayudarlo a instalarse en nuestra maravillosa nación para siempre.